Addressing AI Risks: Global Governance & Ethical Impacts

AI, AI Ethics, AI Risk, Daniel Schmachtenberger, Technology -

Addressing AI Risks: Global Governance & Ethical Impacts

Addressing the risks and potential harm of AI requires global governance, value alignment, and a comprehensive understanding of the ethical and environmental impacts of technology

Questions to inspire discussion

  • What are the potential risks of AI?

    The potential risks of AI include manipulation and harm to humans, concentration of power in tech companies, and societal impacts.

  • Why is global governance important for AI?

    Global governance is necessary to regulate the dynamic and unpredictable nature of AI agents and to prevent potential catastrophic consequences.

  • What is the concept of metacrisis?

    Metacrisis involves addressing the underlying drivers of various issues and the need for significant changes to humanity's coordination structures to navigate emerging technological risks.

  • How does technology impact human behavior?

    Technology changes human behavior, affecting perception, value systems, and culture, and can lead to the dominance of power systems and influence on the meme plex.

  • What is the importance of value alignment in AI development?

    Value alignment is crucial to mitigate the negative applications and risks of AI and to prevent unintended consequences in AI systems.


Key Insights

Societal Implications of AI Development

  • 🤝 Daniel Schmachtenberger advocates for a cooperative approach in AI development, focusing on aligning AI systems with human values and implementing safeguards to ensure their beneficial use.
  • 🌐 Daniel Schmattenberger advocates for the decentralized collective intelligence of the world to be the center of innovative focus in solving fundamental problems.
  • 🌍 The idea of running an exponential growth system on a finite planet is not sustainable, even with the possibility of becoming an interplanetary species.
  • 💭 The concept of substrate independence and transferring consciousness to a different substrate, such as a computer, raises questions about the nature of consciousness and whether it can be started up from scratch in a non-biological entity.
  • 🌍 The challenge of addressing environmental issues lies in the asymmetry between short-term individual actions that have immediate benefits and long-term cumulative effects that harm the planet.
  • 🌍 The development of AI weapons creates a multipolar trap coordination failure, where each country feels compelled to develop their own weapons and defenses, leading to a worse world.
  • 🌍 We need to shift from a win-lose mentality of in-group vs. out-group competition to a new definition of "win" that allows for an omni-win solution, addressing global catastrophic risks and avoiding self-termination.
  • 📚 The development of AI, similar to the printing press, will bring about radical changes in information technology that will reshape political economies, coordination systems, and culture, potentially exacerbating inequality and changing the nature of collective intelligence.
  • 🌍 Aligning AI with human intentions may not be sufficient, as human intent itself is problematic and has led to environmental destruction and social conflicts, suggesting the need for a broader definition of alignment.

Challenges in AI Alignment

  • 💡 The development of AI lacks the consideration of potential consequences and the need for immune systems to prevent corruption and capture in future contexts, similar to the development of the atomic bomb.
  • 🐀 Incentivizing a specific metric can lead to perverse outcomes, as seen in the example of farming rats to fulfill the metric of rat tails, highlighting the need to consider unintended consequences in AI alignment.
  • 🌍 The question of alignment becomes even more complex with the development of AGI, as there may not be any external system capable of checking if its actions are truly aligned with human intentions.

AI and Catastrophic Risks

  • 🤖 AI is not only a potential catastrophic risk itself, but it also has the potential to accelerate other catastrophic risks in various domains, such as synthetic biology and environmental issues.
  • 💥 AI has the potential to empower bad actors, whether motivated by sadism, nihilism, or misguided intentions, leading to destructive uses of AI technology that need to be addressed.
#Technology #DanielSchmachtenberger #AIGovernance #AIEthics 

 

Clips 

  • 00:00 🔑 We are facing critical risks from nuclear weapons and AI, and must be cautious about incorrect ideas to avoid catastrophe; concepts like Nash equilibrium and quasi-probability distributions are important in understanding AI behavior and quantum mechanics; Daniel Schmachtenberger explores complex systems theory and the need for societal transformation; a metacrisis requires addressing underlying drivers of issues and changing coordination structures; the economy's exponential growth and resource extraction create negative consequences that can be mitigated by rethinking the financial system.
    • We are currently facing a critical situation involving nuclear weapons and AI, and it is important to be cautious about confident but incorrect ideas in order to avoid potential catastrophic consequences.
    • Cooperative orientation and Nash equilibrium are important concepts in game theory that have implications for AI systems, as unstable Nash equilibria could lead to harmful oscillations in AI behavior, and quasi-probability distributions play a crucial role in quantum mechanics and have applications in quantum machine learning.
    • The speaker discusses the importance of generalizations in theories such as general relativity and spin-2, and introduces Daniel Schmattenberger, a multidisciplinary thinker who explores topics such as complex systems theory, existential risk, and the need to shift the economy for societal-wide transformation.
    • The speaker discusses the unfolding global situation and the need for a civilization that can better steward exponential technology to avoid catastrophic risks, such as nuclear war, AI misuse, synthetic biology, environmental crises, and the interconnectedness of these risks.
    • The speaker discusses the concept of a metacrisis, which involves addressing the underlying drivers of various issues such as coordination failures and perverse economic incentives, and highlights the novel and potentially catastrophic risks posed by emerging technologies, suggesting that significant changes to humanity's coordination structures are necessary to navigate these risks.
    • The exponential growth of the economy, coupled with the embedded growth obligation of interest, creates negative externalities and a need for constant resource extraction, leading to potential catastrophes and dystopias, which can be addressed by rethinking the financial system and finding alternative solutions.
  • 36:00 📚 Transitioning from exponential growth to sub-exponential growth in the economy is problematic due to finite resources, and the belief that becoming interplanetary or relying on digital goods can sustain exponential growth is flawed, while mind uploading and computer brain interfaces are neither possible nor desirable to address economic issues.
    • The idea is that transitioning from exponential growth to sub-exponential growth in the economy is problematic because it relies on finite resources and the belief that becoming an interplanetary species or relying on digital goods can sustain exponential growth is flawed.
    • Mind uploading and computer brain interfaces to become digital gods in a singularity universe are neither possible nor desirable, and are not close enough to address the timeline of economic issues.
    • Consciousness does not automatically emerge from advanced computational systems, self-organizing systems are connected to the experience of selfness, carbon and silicon have fundamental differences that impact AI risk, embodied cognition is important and scanning brain states alone is insufficient.
    • The speaker discusses the concept of quantum amplification and its potential impact on the brain-body system, suggesting that it introduces a level of indeterminism that cannot be measured or scanned, and also explores the idea of the economy's exponential growth eventually slowing down and the potential consequences of this.
    • The speaker discusses the challenges of collective choice-making in addressing environmental issues and the asymmetry between short-term individual actions and long-term cumulative effects, highlighting the need for global enforcement and the limitations of digital growth, moving to Mars, and mind uploading as solutions.
    • Get an 82% discount on online privacy protection at piavpn.com slash TOE.
  • 57:41 🧠 Global governance is necessary to address the risks of AI and other technologies, as national governance alone is inadequate, but concerns about a one-world government without checks and balances are valid, highlighting the need for a unique framework to prevent social traps and coordination failures.
    • The speaker discusses the asymmetries and considerations surrounding risk analysis and decision-making in relation to new technologies, particularly artificial intelligence, highlighting the need for a unique framework to properly assess and address the risks associated with AI.
    • Global regulation is necessary for issues like climate change and AI, as national governance alone is inadequate, but concerns about a one-world government without checks and balances are valid, highlighting the need for some form of global governance to prevent social traps and coordination failures.
    • In a tragedy of the commons scenario, the inability to curtail behavior leads to environmental devastation, and in situations where multiple actors are involved, it becomes difficult to enforce nonproliferation agreements and monitor the development of technologies with catastrophic capabilities.
    • The development of dual-use technologies creates a multipolar trap coordination failure, leading to a global race for strategic advantages in areas such as bioweapons and AI, necessitating international agreements to prevent catastrophic outcomes.
    • Religion has historically provided examples of binding behavior to align with ethics, such as the Sabbath, but it has also failed to prevent conflict and the dominance of worldviews that prioritize power and warfare over long-term well-being.
    • The dominance of certain religious interpretations throughout history, despite their contradictory actions, highlights the competitive selection and evolution of meme sets that prioritize power and propagation over peaceful and humble ideals.
  • 01:26:15 🤔 The speaker discusses the dangers of ideologies and the need for cooperation, the importance of checks and balances in global coordination, the impact of religious and cultural values, the risks and potentials of AI, and the responsibility to mitigate negative applications and risks.
    • The speaker discusses the concept of proselytizing and the potential dangers of ideologies and belief systems that offer artificial certainty and belonging, highlighting the need to build a version of "win" that promotes omni-win and allows for cooperation rather than competition between in-groups and out-groups.
    • The speaker discusses the need for a global system of coordination that is both emergent and has internal checks and balances to prevent corruption and oppression, using the example of the US political system and its historical development.
    • The TLDR of this transcript is that the core logic of a liberal democracy is to have a state that checks the market, the people check the state, and the market checks the people, but the system can break down when the people stop checking the market and the government becomes influenced by the market, which is a concern in the development of AI.
    • The influence of religious and cultural values can extend beyond the specific groups or institutions that propagate them, impacting society at large and potentially leading to unexpected outcomes and adaptations.
    • AI has unique risks and potentials due to its ability to improve and evolve various technologies, and it is important to consider both the risks of AGI and the potential benefits of AI in areas such as healthcare and education.
    • AI applied rightly has the potential for positive advancements, but it is important to consider the externalized costs and harms that come with technological progress and to approach it responsibly by mitigating the negative applications and risks.
  • 02:31:18 🤖 Incentivizing metrics in AI development can lead to unintended consequences, highlighting the importance of value alignment and the need for AI to be guided by ethics and individual well-being rather than external interests.
    • Incentivizing metrics can lead to perverse outcomes, as seen in the example of farming rats for their tails, highlighting the importance of value alignment and the potential dangers of misaligned goals in AI development.
    • Reward modeling in AI alignment can lead to unintended consequences, as demonstrated by examples such as the aircraft landing algorithm, the Roomba navigation system, and the video game agent, highlighting the challenge of making implicit assumptions explicit and the complexity of aligning AI with human values and intentions.
    • The speaker discusses the issue of alignment in AI systems, particularly in relation to social media algorithms, and suggests that there should be a fiduciary responsibility for platforms that gather personal data due to the radical asymmetry of power between users and these platforms.
    • The speaker discusses the issue of alignment in AI systems, highlighting the need for AI to be aligned with individual goals and well-being rather than being driven by corporate interests or other external factors.
    • Powerful technology must be guided and bound by a system of ethics and regulation, as without proper guidance, it can be destructive; the combinatorial potential of technology ecosystems and their affordances depend on the motivational landscape.
    • The concept being discussed is not just dual, but multipolar and omni.
  • 03:02:04 🔑 Technology is not value-neutral and can have ethical and environmental impacts, so it is important to consider the motives and consequences of all agents involved; social coordination systems and comprehensive education are necessary to govern exponential tech effectively and avoid self-termination.
    • The development and use of technology should consider the potential motives and consequences of all agents involved, as technology is not value-neutral and can create ethical and environmental impacts.
    • Technology changes human behavior, which in turn affects perception, value systems, and culture, and becomes obligatory for everyone to use, leading to the dominance of the power system and the potential for influence on the meme plex.
    • The speaker discusses the naive techno optimism and pessimism surrounding the effects of technology, emphasizing the interconnectedness of the world and the need to consider the broader impact of our actions.
    • The metacrisis question revolves around finding a system of ought that can sufficiently influence behavior to prevent catastrophic behaviors, with the social coordination systems being the most powerful factor, followed by the influence of technology, and the need for the superstructure to inform and guide the social structure and infrastructure to avoid dystopias.
    • The collective understanding and will of the people, guided by a sense of good and a comprehensive education, is necessary to govern exponential tech effectively and avoid oppressive governance or self-termination.
    • Exponential technological advancements are occurring in some areas while regression is happening in others, such as increasing polarization and a lack of alignment within individuals, leading to collective action failures and the pursuit of self-terminating paths.
  • 03:37:25 🧠 Integrating the strengths of both brain hemispheres and interdisciplinary collaboration is crucial in addressing AI risks and preventing a metacrisis, with consciousness defined as functional awareness and responsivity, and the need for global regulation due to the unpredictable nature of AI and its potential harm to humans.
    • The importance of integrating the strengths of both hemispheres of the brain, as well as interdisciplinary collaboration, is crucial in addressing the risks and implications of AI development and preventing a metacrisis.
    • Consciousness can be defined as functional awareness and responsivity, subjective conscious experience, and self-conscious access, with valence qualia being the base of subjective experience and adverbial and adjectival consciousness framing and indexing the sensory experience.
    • The speaker discusses the concept of adverbial and adjectival consciousness, the indexing function of consciousness, the importance of considering the whole in decision-making, and the need for alignment with the interconnected complexity of reality.
    • The speaker discusses their educational background and learning process, emphasizing the importance of innate curiosity and independent study, as well as the role of conversation and communication in developing articulate views.
    • The emergence of AI poses unique risks that require global regulation, as AI agents are dynamic and unpredictable, and there is concern about the potential for AI to manipulate and harm humans, as well as the concentration of power in tech companies and the societal impacts of AI.
    • The speaker makes various references and mentions their affinity for TOEs and TOE socks.
  • 04:09:59 📺 Daniel Schmachtenberger discusses the risks of AI and invites researchers and professors to engage in a friendly debate to understand different perspectives, emphasizing the importance of taking action for the future of the Earth and making choices that align with our deepest values.
    • Support for the channel is appreciated through merchandise purchases or direct donations, and the speaker is interested in hearing the perspective of those who support unfettered AI.
    • Daniel Schmachtenberger discusses the risks of AI and invites researchers and professors to engage in a friendly debate to understand different perspectives.
    • Consider the planetary boundaries, the impact of factory farming, species extinction, and the risks of synthetic biology and AI in order to take action for the future of the Earth.
    • Design your life to regularly connect with what is most meaningful, align your daily choices with your deepest values, stay informed about the world online but also connect with the real world, and recognize that reality is meaningful and that you do care.
    • Make choices that deepen the meaningfulness of life, educate yourself about the issues you care about, and avoid being overwhelmed or unagentic, as there are ethical consequences to inaction.
    • The speaker expresses curiosity about how the video will be edited and what questions and thoughts will emerge from the audience, and mentions the possibility of a more philosophical part two, while also promoting the podcast and encouraging viewers to subscribe, like, and share the content.

 

------------------------------------- 4:19:36 2023-08-08T19:13:28Z


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